Update on Diabetes, Cognitive Function Test & Brain Exercise 8A

Five Types of Diabetes

During my Internet researches I was surprised to learn that there are more than two types of Diabetes; the first surprise was the fact that there were 3 types of diabetes; type 1, which can occur in infants, type 2 which can occur in later life and primarily has to do with one’s lifestyle.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus or GDM

This is the third type of diabetes that is not mentioned often. The American Diabetes Association defines it as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Pregnant women are usually at risk but it normally will go away after birth,

Signs of gestational diabetes

Frequent urination

Sugar in the urine. (Diagnosed after a test in a doctors’ office or medical clinic)

Blurred vision

Unusual thirst

Excessive fatigue

Slow healing sores

Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet

Fortunately the treatment for this disease could be as simple as changing your lifestyle, a dietitian can instruct you on a low-carbohydrate and high-protein diet to help control your blood sugar; daily exercise will also help you control blood glucose levels until the baby is delivered. It is important to have regular check-up during pregnancy. Your doctor will determine if you need extra treatment if the diet and exercise treatment is failing.

5 Types Of Diabetes


Swedish and Finish researches has inspired a new debate on Diabetes; Most people were familiar with type i and type 2 diabetes and possibly type 3 gestational diabetes especially if you are a female in a state of pregnancy.

The Scandinavian researchers has suggested classifying diabetes as five types of disease rather than the usual two types.

1. Type 1 diabetes which can occur at any stage in life but most often appears in childhood; this is when the body cannot make insulin.

Type 2 diabetes. The researches suggested there are five clusters of diabetes; 4 are sub types of type 2 diabetes. This disease often occurs in middle -age or older adults and is associated mainly with lifestyle and obesity in particular.

Cluster1:(SAID) Severe autoimmune diabetes; mostly occurs at childhood and is characterized by insulin deficiency and poor blood sugar control.

Cluster 2. ( SID ). Severe insulin-deficient diabetes.GADA-negative but similar to SAID

Cluster 3. (SIRD) Severe insulin-resistant diabetes. Occurs when the body is making insulin, but the cells are not responding to it. Characterized by excess weight and high insulin resistance.

Cluster 4. (MOD). Mild obesity-related diabetes. Occurs in people who ten to be obese, but with a milder form of the disease.

Cluster 5.( MARD) Mild age-related diabetes, This was the most common form of the disease; similar to cluster 4 but in people who are generally older at their age of diagnosis.

Kidney disease is a high risk factor for people in cluster 3; while people in cluster 2 had a higher risk of loosing their vision.


The researchers hope that recognizing the sub types o diabetes might change the way doctors’ prescribe medications for diabetes.

For more reading about the five types of diabetes, there are many articles on the Internet, start your search with livescience.com or medscape.com. It is important to keep up to date if you are a victim of diabetes.

Cognitive Function Test & Brain Exercise 8A

Are you Exercising Daily?
  Help your children to enjoy a healthy life and longevity by adopting a plant-based diet from their youth.
g> Brain Exercise-8

Can You Read Me
This is a fairly easy sentence to read; separate the letters according to the equation and then put your cognitive function to the test by finding the words to the jumbled letters.

4 + 3 + 8 + 7 = 22

T C A S R E A R E A L O A D B Y C O N A M P 

Copyright 2018 Courtney Devonish

Be Sociable, Share!


  1. From my own experience, I almost had gestational diabetes when I was pregnant, I did not consume a lot of sugar because I got a lot of nausea.
    I walked a lot to work and that already counted as exercise then, my question is: what are other causes of having diabetes gestational in pregnancy if you take preventive measures such as eating healthy and exercising?
    I hope you can answer my question and surely many pregnant women 🙂

  2. Thanks for your comments, as far as I have discovered through research, regular check ups , exercise and healthy lifestyle should be the answer. I am not a medic. In most cases it looks like the diabetes goes away after giving birth. Best Wishes.

  3. Hi, 

    I was diagnosed about 10 years ago with type 2 diabetes, but I never knew that there were 5 different types of diabetes within the Type 2 kind.  

    From your article, I can put myself in the Cluster 4. (MOD). Mild obesity-related diabetes.  I tend to have a belly if I don’t watch myself.  My weight is a major factor in my disease.  If I let myself go for some time and gain weight, I notice that I have a harder time to keep my blood insulin levels down below 10 mmol/L.  But as soon as I exercise regularly and watch what I eat, then I see it as low as 4.5 mmol/L

    Your article has brought a new light on my diabetes, and I would like to thank you for the information.  I will talk about this to my doctor the next time I see her!


  4. Best of luck Denis. I just saw some shocking news about errors in treating diabetic patients in the UK. check out Google alerts or just Google it.


  5. I have a few loved ones that are different kinds of diabetic and I know that it is generally treated which doesn’t seem to truly solve the problem but rather put a plug on it (if that). Often times, I’ve seen medication changes so often until they find the right one for them because they’re getting treated so generally which is why I love this article so much. I think it only makes sense to categorize especially in the medical field because doctors are really selling themselves short but offering treatment that is ineffective.

  6. Thank you for posting about this.  I had no idea there were more than 2 levels.  My doctor says I’m borderline per-diabetic.  I’m trying to make sure I don’t become diabetic but changing your habits is hard.

    It took me a minute to figure out the numbers in the equation tell you how many letters are in each word.  I’m allergic to cats so I can’t say that “Cats are adorable company” but I get the gist.

    Thanks again!

  7. Interesting post!

    I don’t have diabetes but a friend of my has been diagnosed with it and because of it I wanted to learn more about it. I always thought there were just two types and then I read your post.

    Interesting test you did at the end of your post. I was confused at first because I was skimming past it but when I read it again I saw what you were doing.

    Great post.

  8. Thanks for visiting, please share the site with your friend; hope you were able to complete the exercise.

    Best wishes.

  9. I was diagnosed as prediabetic 5 years ago, it was a wake up call, I am now on a plant based diet and daily exercise,; I do eat some fish. You should think about it, yes it is hard, but you will look better and feel better.

  10. Thanks for the visit. Anyone who is diabetic should search the internet for as much information as possible, always check for credibility.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *